One of the highly discussed and hot topics of present time among the Technology experts, enthusiasts, and business circles is Artificial Intelligence or AI.
There are lots and lots of debates and discussions on artificial intelligence across the globe. Experts and specialists consider it to be the future Technology, but we can see it has created its presence in the present itself.
So, let’s look into the details of artificial intelligence and let’s develop an understanding of it.
What is artificial intelligence?
Artificial intelligence AI, also known as machine intelligence, is a branch of computer science that deals with the development of machines that can think and perform tasks and actions like human beings.
It deals with the development of smart machines that have common qualities associated with humans like problem-solving and learning. It is an interdisciplinary science and consists of different and multiple approaches.
Some common examples of speech recognition, face recognition, self-driven vehicles, planning, etc.
Types of artificial intelligence
After grabbing a basic definition of AI, now, it’s time for us to move to the different types of AI.
AI is mainly classified into two categories:-
- AI type-1
- AI type-2
- AI Type-1
This type of AI is for the classified into three categories namely
- Narrow AI
This is also known as weak AI or narrow artificial intelligence, which consists of only a few sets of constraints and limitations, i.e. this AI could perform only certain specific human-like tasks.
You can say that it cannot replace human intelligence and is only realized AI to date. Even the most advanced technology falls into this category. Some common examples of narrow AI are voice recognition, facial recognition, self-driving cars, etc.
- General AI
It is also known as strong AI or Artificial General Intelligence which is as capable as a human being. It can think and can understand things in the same way as humans can.
It is an independent system that can form connections across domains that helps in eliminating the need for training as required by humans.
The scientists do not yet achieve all this type of Intelligence
- Super AI
It is also known as artificial superintelligence which is much more beyond the general AI wherein it not only understands think and act like humans but can have similar emotions, beliefs, and Desires of their own.
This may approach to the hypothetical situation where the robots are guarding the world and threaten human existence.
- AI Type-2
This category is for the classified into four more types which are listed below
- Reactive machines
It is the oldest form of artificial intelligence which is also known as conditional AI. It usually deals with a simple set of behavior and has limited capability. It can change according to the changes in the environment.
It does not have any memory-based functionality or any ability to learn and can respond to only a limited set of instructions or inputs.
- Limited memory
This is the most frequently seen type of AI where the algorithm uses its previous knowledge based on historical data to make decisions and deals with a particular situation.
This AI can learn and can be trained by providing lots and lots of data, that can be stored in its memory.
Most of the existing applications fall into this category and are based on the learning experience.
The typical examples that fall under Limited memory are chatbots, self-driving vehicles, assistants, etc.
- Theory of mind
The next big thing in the field of AI is going to be the theory of mind and is a breakthrough for researchers. Currently, only the previous two types that are limited memory and reactive machines exist. Still, rapidly this will also come into existence wherein the AI can understand the entities, its needs, emotions, thought process, requirements, etc.
Mainly, it will possess the ability to understand the human perspective and can express emotions as well.
Theory of mind AI is a developing industry and is much closer matching to human behaviour.
- Self Aware
Final and most advanced category of artificial intelligence in which is currently hypothetical but can be developed within a few decades of centuries, for sure. It is still a fresh concept and has not paved a much longer part until now.
In this type, AI will become self-aware and will have its ability as human beings. This AI will not only respond to the needs, perspective, and requirements of human beings but will have humans like qualities and emotions. It may act as a representation of human intelligence.
So, these are the seven types of artificial intelligence that are discussed out of which some are existing, and some belong to the budding category.
Applications of Artificial Intelligence
AI has spread its branches in numerous fields and performing well. Some of these fields are Education, Healthcare, Finance, Agriculture, Industrial Purpose, etc.
Let’s have a look at applications of artificial intelligence.
- AI in Agriculture
They will be used most in demand for food in the upcoming years due to population rise, food security, climate change, etc.
With the help of AI, problems can efficiently compete. AI have come up with different technologies like agricultural robots, predictive analytics, etc. which can be used for various purpose like soil health, regulate fieldwork, etc.,
- AI in Education
Will have to use the role to play in the education industry as well where it can be used as the replacement of classroom teaching in the coming future. It can avail of tasks, lessons, games, etc. catering to the needs and capability of the student and can provide personalized attention.
- AI in Finance
AI has spread its roots in the finance industry as well, where the businesses rely on algorithmic trading, market analysis, data mining, etc. to determine the future market pattern and demand.
- AI in Medical (Health Sector)
Nowadays AI has a big role in the medical sector, Artificial Intelligence identifies critical diseases and makes it easier for doctors to treat them. It uses to detecting and monitoring cancers, neurological disorder and brain functions.AI uses tumors operation without health damage.
- AI in Industrial
In Industry AI applicable to improve productivity in a short time. Artificial intelligence is used in robotics to makes it easier to handling and storing of the product.
So these are the typical applications related to AI.
Now, we can say that artificial intelligence or AI is the present as well as the future of this planet, and will have a diverse scope in the upcoming time.
the disadvantage of Artificial Intelligence
- The high cost required a huge amount to installation AI technology, its maintenance cost, programing, and upgrading is very costly.
- It is a big problem of unemployment due to AI technology its installation of technology no needs manpower, the machine will be replaced by workers. GDP will be affected due to Increasing unemployment in the country.
- There is no emotion like a human being
- Lack of Experience
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