What is E-waste
- E-waste is an Electronics device that has no longer value to its owner or e-waste is a device which has no longer used in daily life. Eg:- Refrigerator, Air conditioner, cell phone, etc.E-waste management is very important nowadays.
E-Waste is divided into groups/Composition of e-waste
- Ferrous Materials:- Iron and Steel 36% of the e-waste
- Non-Ferrous Material:- Al, Cu, Lead, cadmium, Mercury, Gold, Silver, Palladium, Arsenic, etc. 19% of e-waste.
- Glass:-Lead glass and Normal glass approx 15% of e-waste material
- plastics:-Brominated and Non-brominated Plastic 23% of e-waste.
- and other 7%
Classification of E-Waste
- Large Household Application # Refrigerator, Freezer, Washing Machine, Cooking appliances
- ICT(Information and Communication Technology) Equipment # Mobile, computer, printer, videogame, etc.
- Consumer Electronics # Hairdryer, clock, coffee machine, toy, medical devices, etc.
Source of E-Waste
- Cell phone,cameras, CD players,TVs,Radios,drillers,fax machines,photocopies printers,ink cartridges,batteries,rechargeable battery,digital calculators,and clocks
- CRT monitors, electric solders, computer motherboard, keyboard, etc
- Industrial and household electronics machines such as Oven, fridge, sewing machines, fan, Air conditioner, grinder, Iron, heater, and laboratory electronic equipment, etc.
IMPACT OF E-WASTE
Nowadays, there are various problem products from e-waste materials.
- HUMANS:-Many toxic materials are produced from e-waste materials, it is very dangerous for human health. It can be affected by CNS(Central Nervous System), Thyroid and kidneys.
- It damages the Immune system.
- It causes abnormal brain development.
- Effects of the development of the testis also hazardous to the reproduction system in males and females both.
- Cadmium is a toxicant that can accumulate in tissues, bone, skin and causes heart diseases.
- Cadmium oxide affects the respiratory system and causing lung cancer.
- Mercury affects the respiratory system and skin disorders also causing damage to the brain.
- many elements are also affected by human organs which can damage slowly just like a poison.
- ENVIRONMENT:- Many toxic materials (Heavy materials)and chemical composition are effected environment, crops and grain food, etc.
- The environment being polluted from e-waste materials, it contains lots of toxic gases that are produced into the environment.
- It can be effect groundwater, Land and sea animals. Tons of e-waste are dumped into the river and sea which can affect sea fishes and other animals who is underwater in the sea.
- The environment polluted is continually increased due to e-wasted materials.
E-WASTE MANAGEMENT IN INDIA
- The world produces 50 million tonnes of e-waste a year. Only 20% of this is formally recycled. Global e-waste production becomes 120 million tons per year by 2050.According to a report from PACE(PLATFORM FOR ACCELERATING THE CIRCULAR ECONOMY) and the UN.
- Electronics Industry is the world’s largest and innovative industry. Every year tonnes of electronic items dumped in oceans.they are become waste material consist of money Hazardous metals, acids, chemicals, and non-degradable plastics. their effects on human health and the environment also.
- According to global e-waste monitoring, Europe and the US alone contribute to almost one-half of the total e-waste generated annually.this is equivalent to just over six Kg for every person on the planet.
- India produces 2 million tons of e-waste annually.seelampur is largest e-waste market in India, thousands of people work to select reusable components metals such as copper,tin-silver, gold, titanium, and palladium they are costly materials.when these materials are burning many toxic gases produces in air.it is very harmful to the environment and human life.
- The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change rolled out the e-waste Management rule in 2016 to reduce e-waste production and increase recycling e-waste. According to Environment ministry, 17 lakh tonnes of e-waste are generated every year, which are annually increase of 5% generation of e-waste materials. According to ASSOCHAM industrial body in India, the e-waste growth rate is 30%, India will generate 5.2 million tons of e-waste by 2020.computer devices nearly 70% of e-waste,12% telecom sector,8% medical equipment and 7% electric equipment.